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Full text of "Views of men and women of note on the vivisection question"

VIEWS of 



Men and Women 



of Note 



ON THE 



VIVISECTION 
QUESTION. . 



The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, 

The British Anti-Vivisection Society, 

32 CHARING CROSS, S.W. 



The British Union 



FOR 



Abolition of Vivisection, 

The British Anti-Vivisection Society, 

32 CHARING CROSS, LONDON, S.W. 



A donation of Five Pounds and upwards constitut< 
a Life Member. 

An annual subscription of Ten Shillings const 
an Annual Member. 

Associates: 2/6, Small Don. 1: fully ace 



The ABOLITIONIST, the monthly 

t im porta 1 
grati 

ion ( 

the I 
should b< 



Miss B. E. KIDD, Secretary of the Union. 




Queen Victoria. 



Queen Victoria. 

A Queen's Excitement. 

Principal Tulloch, in a letter dated 1874, 
reports the following : — " The Queen then 
talked very warmly of Vivisection, about 
which she is greatly excited. It made her 
wild, she said, to think of the cruelties 
practised toward poor animals, and she 
ridiculed the idea of comparing it to sport." 



The late Bishop of Durham 
(Dr. Westcott). 

Unlike God. 

" If He who made us made all other 
creatures also, and if they find a place in 
His providential plan, if His tender mercies 
reach to them — and this we Christians 
most certainly believe — then I find it 
absolutely inconceivable that He should 
have so arranged the avenues of knowledge 
that we can attain to truths, which it is 
His will that we should master, only 
through the unutterable agonies of beings 
which trust in us." 

— Sermon in Westminster Abbey, August ISth, 1S89. 




The late Bishop Westcott. 

[Elliott and Fr 




Miss F. P. Cobbe. 

Rights and Wrongs. 

" The least of all possible rights is to 
be spared the worst of all possible wrongs." 



Miss Franc ks Poweu OOBBB. 



Canon Liddon. 

The Ideal of Character. 

''The cause you have at heart (Anti- 
Vivisection) is of even greater importance 
to human character than to the physical 
comfort of those of our ' fellow- creatures ' 
who are most immediately concerned " 

— From a letter to Miss Cobbe, May 22nd, 1896 




Canon Liddon. 




Samuel Johnson, ll.d. 



Dr. Samuel Johnson. 

The Price too high. 

" If the knowledge of physiology has 
been somewhat increased, he surely buys 
knowledge dear who learns the use of the 
lacteals at the expense of his own humanity. 

— " The Idler" No. 17. 



William JWatson. 

Animals' Rights. 

" But this I know, whate'er of natural rights 
Be mine, are yours no less by native 

dower. 
If none entitled is to bind me down. 
And rend, and mar, and rack, and break, 

and flay me. 
None hath a title so to ravage you, 
Saving such title as defames alike 
Him that bestows, and him that uses it." 

- — Extract from a poem ivritlen for and published 

in the " Abolitionist," April, 1899. 




William Watson. 

[Elliott and Fry. 




Cardinal Manning. 

A Detestable Practice. 

" A detestable practice, and immoral in 
itself. . . . What we cannot control 
we must prohibit." 

— Speech, June 25th, 1881. 



Cardinal Manning. 



William Shakespeare. 

Its Degrading Influence. 

f ' Your Highness 
Shall from this practice," but make 
hard your heart." 

— " Cymbelvne" 

* The trying the effect of a drug upon animals. 




SlUKESI'KARK. 



Ouida. 

The Priesthood of Physiology. 

"The comedy of high and pure intentions, 
the scenic effect of the healer doing- violence 
to his own nature in causing pain that he 
may cure it, the theatrical mise -en -scene of 
the arch-benevolence forcing itself to hurt 
that it may thus acquire power to soothe 
and save ; these are what, with the greatest 
care and caution, are put before the world 
in general by the priesthood of physiology. 
Nothing can be further from fact. 
Throughout Europe and America, and in many parts of Asia and 
Africa the pursuit of physiology is a profession like any other, a 
career, a means to an end — that end, like other men's, being 
money, celebrity and success." 

— " The New Priesthood." 




"Ouida" (Mile, de la Ramee). 

[Elliott and Fry. 




Barry. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



Bishop Barry, D.D., D.C.L. 

(Canon of Windsor, 

late Primate of Australia). 

A Christian Impossibility. 

" To hold that the increase of physical 
comfort, the removal of physical pain, the 
prolongation of physical life, are the 
supreme objects for the sake of which we 
may demoralise our higher humanity, is 
simply a worship of the flesh, unworthy of 
a true man, impossible to a true Christian." 

— Paper read at, the Church Congress at Folkestone, 1892. 



Alfred Tennyson. 

The Cowardice of it all. 

'' We shudder but to dream our maids 
should ape 
Those monstrous males that carved the 
living hound." 

— " The Princess. ,, 

" I could think he was one of those who 
would break their jests on the dead, 

And mangle the living dog that had loved 
him and fawned at his knee 

Drenched with the hellish oorali — that 
ever such things should be ! " 

■ — "In the Children's Hospital.'" 




Lord Tknnysox. 

[Ellio't andFry. 




Rev. Dr. Maktineau. 



James Martineau, D.D. 

Loss of Reverent Sentiment. 

" The simultaneous loss from the morals 
of our ' advanced ' scientific men of all 
reverent sentiment towards beings above 
them as towards beings below is a curious 
and instructive phenomenon highly signifi- 
cant of the process which their natures are 
undergoing at both ends." 

— From a letter dated January 5th, 1875 



Leslie Stephen. 

Its Inhumanity. 

" Many Vivisectors are not medical men 
at all, and it has not yet become a proverb 
that physiologists are humane. The 
general tendency is obvious. . . We 

are bound to see that the sacred name of 
Science is not used as a shelter for unworthy 
practices." 



—From "The 




of Vivisection,''' 1 " Cornhill Magazine,'''' 
April, 1876 



Leslie Stephen. 

[Elliott and Fry. 




Robert Buchanan. 

Cowardly and Inhuman. 

" A man who practises Vivisection is 
ipso facto a selfish coward and a disgrace 
to humanity." 

—From a letter to " The Star," July loth, 1899. 



Robert Buchanan. 



Mona Caird. 

An Illegitimate Practice. 

" Are there special natural laws in 
favour of the physiologist, that he alone 
should be held justified in pursuing legiti- 
mate ends by illegitimate means? Suppose 
Art was also to set up a claim to follow 
her vocation by torture ; suppose Religion 
reasserted her ancient privilege of enforcing 
her teaching by fire and sword ! If one 
profession or calling may do evil that good 
may come, why may not all follow this 
Jesuit's creed ? Science herself accuses 
the vivisector of blasphemy against its own 
£od " 

— " The Sanctuary of Mercy.'' 




Mrs. Mona Caird. 

[Elliott and Fry. 




Sir Henry Taylor, K.C.M.Q. 

(Author of " Philip von Arteveldt") 

' Pain, terror, mortal agonies which scare 
Thy soul in man, to brutes thou wilt not 

spare, 
Are theirs less sad and real ? Pain in man 
Bears the high mission of the flail and fan ; 
In brutes 'tis purely piteous." 

— From " The Amphitheatre at Tozzuoli." 



Sir Henry Tayloh. 



Thomas Carlyle. 

"With Horror." 

u Ever since I was a boy I have never 
thought of the practice of vivisecting 
animals but with horror." 

— Dictated to a niece in answer to a correspondent. 




Thomas Carlyle. 




Rev. C. H. Spurg-eon. 

The Mercy of God. 
" I wish evermore the utmost success to 
all protests against the inhuman practices 
of Vivisection. It does not bear to be 
thought of. How it must excite the 
righteous indignation of the all-merciful 
Creator." 

— Sermon, entitled, " The Little Drop " 



Rev. C. H. Spurgeon. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



The " Good " Earl of Shaftesbury. 

Ceaseless Anxiety. 

" The thought of this diabolical system 
disturbs me night and day." 

— Diary, Vol. Hi., Page 137 




The "Good" earl of Shaftesbury. 




Dr. Moorhouse 

(Late Bishop of Manchester). 

Vivisection Immoral. 

' ' I assert that the practice of vivisection 
— the torture of living- animals — is immoral. 
. Tt offends ao-ainst this law — 'Treat 
an inferior being as you would desire your- 
self to be treated by a superior being.' ' 

— Annual Meeting of the Manchester Anti- Vivisection Society, 1896 



Bishop Moorhouse. 

lElliott and Fry. 



The Dean of Durham (Dr. Kitchin). 

The Tyrant's Shame. 

" It is not at this price of suffering that 
true knowledge is advanced. Man has no 
right to be the tyrant because he alone 
combines strength of mind and body." 

— From the "Animals' Friend," March, 1897 




Dr. Kitchen (Dean of Hereford). 

[Elliott and Fry. 



Dr. George Macdonald. 




The late Georgb Macdonald. 

\_Elliott and Fry. 



The Triumph of Might. 

" The higher your motive for it, the 
greater is the blame of your unrighteous- 
ness. Must we congratulate you on such 
a love for your fellows as inspires you to 
wrong the weaker than they, those who 
are without helper against you ? 
It is the old story : the greed of knowing 
casts out righteousness and mercy and faith. 
Whatever believed benefit may or may not 
thus be wrought for higher creatures, the 
injustice to the lower is nowise affected." 

— " The Hope of (he Universe," " Sunday Magazine," 
November, 1892. 



The late Bishop of Oxford 
(Dr. Mackarness). 

Do your Duty. 

" Depend upon it other avenues of know- 
ledge will be open to you for the discoveries 
your desire to make. . . . Do your 
duty to the beast, and depend upon it you 
will be doing your duty to the man." 

— Speech, Map 1st, 1883 




The late Dr. MACKARNESS. 

[Elliott and Fry. 




Jeremy Bentham. 



Jeremy Bentham. 

Can they Suffer ? 

" The day may come when the rest of the 
animal creation may acquire those rights 
which never could have been withholden 
from them but by the hand of tyranny. 
The question is not ' can they reason 
nor can they talk, but can they suffer ? " 

— " Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.'''' 



Auguste Comte. 

A Scientific Failure. 

" There can scarcely be imagined any 
experiments less capable of true scientific 
success than those of vivisection, though 
they have been the most frequent. We 
must not consider our rights (over animals) 
as absolutely unlimited." 

— " Comte' s Philosophy ^ ," Chap. XL. 




auguste Comte. 



Sir Lewis Morris. 




The Priesthood of Science. 

" Surely a man should scorn 

To owe his weal to others' death and pain ! 



Sir Lewis Morris. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



And for this goddess, Science, hard and 

stern, 
We shall not let her priests torment and 

burn. 
We fought the priests before — and not in 

vain, 
And as we fought before, so will we fight 



John Ruskin. 

Science defies Religion. 

" These scientific pursuits were now 
defiantly , provokingly, insultingly separated 
from the science of religion ; they were all 
carried on in defiance of what had hitherto 
been held to be compassion and pity, and of 
the great link which bound together the 
whole creation from its Maker to the 
lowest creature." 

— Speech at Oxford, December 9th, 1884 




John ruskin. 




Sir Henry Hawkins, K.C. 
(Lord Brampton). 

An Abhorrent Practice. 

" I abhor vivisection, and should be 
satisfied with nothing short of its total and 
absolute abolition." 

—Letter to John F. Norris, Esq., Q.C., May \2th, 1898 



Lord Brampton. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



The Rev. Hugh Price Hughes. 

Increasingly Opposed. 

" I always have been and I am increas- 
ingly opposed to the practice of vivisection." 

— Letter to the Eon. Secretary of the Welsh Section of the British 
Union, June 6th, 1898 




Rev. H. Price Hughes. 

[Elliott and Fri 



Hiss Rhoda Broughton. 




Jliss ltlloUA BU0UGHTON. 



Be Kind. 

"We can never, whatever our future 
exertions in their behalf may be, make up 
for the arrears that humanity owes to the 
lower animals. The brain reels in the effort 
to represent to itself some faint picture of 
the amount of physical pain inflicted in 
every age and every country of the world by 
man upon his helpless victims, victims of 
his war, of his peace, of his malignity, of his 
stupidity, of his pseudo -science, of his 
vanity, of his gluttony. . . The shadows 
lengthen. None of us will have much time 
in which to be kind, therefore, in God's 
name, let us begin at once." 

— " The Animals' Friend," June 1895 



Robert Browning. 

True Sympathy. 

" I would rather submit to the worst of 
deaths, so far as pain goes, than have a 
single dog or cat tortured on the pretence 
of sparing me a twinge or two " 

— From a letter to Miss Cobbe, December 28th, 1S74 




Robert Buowning. 




R. D. BUACKMORE. 



R. D. Blackmore 

(Author of Lorna Doone, etc ) 

" I bate the very name of Vivisection." 

■Extract from Letter to the Editor of " The Abolitionist," 1899 



Victor Hugo. 

A Crime. 

Vivisection is a crime." 

" Speech to a Deputation, February Zrd, If 




Victor Hugo. 




Lord Chief Justice Coleridge. 



Lord Chief Justice Coleridge. 

Absolute Prohibition. 

" After some considerable reflection on 
the matter, having read much that I would 
rather not have read, and having thought 
on the matter so much as I had the power, 
I have come to the conclusion that control 
it you cannot, that the evils of another 
kind aie so great and the good it professes 
to do so doubtful that on the whole — all 
human affairs being on a balance — it is 
right and proper that this Bill should pass 
and that Vivisection should be absolutely 
prohibited." 

— Speech at the Annual Meeting of the Ant'i- Vivisection 
Society, July, 1881. 



Lewis Carroll. 

An Animals' Hell. 

" When Vivisection shall be practised in 
every college and school, and when the 
man of science, looking forth over a world 
which will then own no other sway than 
his, shall exult in the thought that he has 
made of this fair, green earth, if not a 
heaven for man, at least a hell for animals." 

— " Pall Mall Gazette," February, 1876 




Lewis Carroll. 




G. BERNARD SHAW. 

lEUiott and Fry. 



George Bernard Shaw. 

Revolutionary Arguments. 

" Vivisectors always use the arguments 
that my extreme revolutionary friends 
employ to justify dynamite explosions. 
' What does it matter,' the latter would 
say, ' if we blow to pieces anyone in this 
room provided we can thereby secure the 
milleniuni." 

— Speech at British Union Annual Meeting, 
May loth, 1906 



Alfred Russel Wallace. 

Horrible Experiments — Trivial Facts. 

u I have for some years come to the 
conclusion that nothing but total abolition 
will meet the case of Vivisection. I am 
quite disgusted at the frequency of the 
most horrible experiments to determine the 
most trivial facts recorded in the publi- 
cations of scientific societies month by 
month evidently carried on for the interest 
of the 'research' and the reputation it 
gives." 

— From a letter to Br. TV. B. Hadwen, September, 1905 




Dr. A. R. WALLACE. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



The late Professor Freeman. 




The late PKOFESSOR E. A. FREEMAN. 
[Elliott and Fry. 



Cannot Draw the Line. 

" Knowledge is a great object, but it is 
not the highest of objects. It is surely 
easy to conceive cases in which it is right 
to abstain from acquiring knowledge. The 
practical conclusion that I come to is, that 
if the distinction can be drawn in practice 
between what 1 hold to be lawful and 
unlawful vivisection, I would allow one and 
forbid the other. But I see the very great 
difficulty in drawing the line between the 
two; and, if it cannot be drawn in practice, 
especially as it seems so very doubtful 
whether vivisection has lessened human 
suffering or not, I can only go in for a 
complete forbidding of the practice." 

— Letter to the " Times," January 16th, 1885 



The Rev. Philip Wicksteed. 

Shall we allow it? 

" Men pursue knowledge in as complete 
disregard of the animal suffering their 
researches involve as ive will allow." 

— Sermon on " Our delations to Animals.' 1 '' Ji/iie '26th, 1802 




Rev. Philip Wicksteed. 

[Elliott and Fry. 



DUKE MED. CENTER UBi 
HISTORICAL COLLECTION 



Selected Anti=Vivisection Literature 

THE BRITISH ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCIETY. 



7/6 



Pamphlets by Dr. Hadwen, J. P. 

Some Recent Vivisection Practices in Engli 

Laboratories 

A Medic \ \v of the Vivisection Question 
Vivisecti< n : its ] ollies and Cruelties and t 

Wa} to i ighi it 

I Anti-To l : ratment of Diplnh' 
Tuberculosis and Cows Milk 
The ( v gainst Vaccination 

Was Jenner a Charlatan ? 

rh« H mour< ' l \ ivi ect 

I It oi the Vivisec 

By Miss Frances Power Cobbe. 

I 1 tfi I . Ra< 

1 i rly Hist' ihe Anti ction M< 

'■ have founded the British Union ... 1 



.' 


12/6 


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7/6 


1/6 


10/- 


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1/- 


7/6 


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7/6 


4 d. 


2/3 


4 d. 


2/3 




1/- 


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doz. 




Gratis 



>me Alt 



By Miss A. F. Whiteley. 

iical Views .. 3d. ea< 



Why 
Anti- 



By Beatrice E. Kidd. 

. a K- 



(Illu 



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4 d. 
6d. 



.3 ML ai 



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The British Union for Abolition of Vivisects 

The British Anti-Vivisection Society. 



Foundress 

Trta 



FRANCES POWER COBBE. 

' W i ' I N 
ISCOUNT HAK I ; : t'ON 






EADyUAK' 



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in my nun 
like n 

iow t-ai 



"SUPPORT THE BRITISH UNION.' 

Autobiography of F. P. COi 

In the case of benefactors desiring; to bequeath legacies In supi 
of the Cause, they are respectfully urged to clearly state in their Wills, 
" The British Union for Abolition of Vivisection," and to make them 
payable to the Treasurer for the time being 

READ THE ABOLITIONIST 

THE ORGAN OF THE 

British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. 

2 6 



' i B. E 



Charing Cross, London, S, ^